Diabetes and hearing loss are two of the most common health problems in the United States. In the United States, more than 34 million people have diabetes, while an estimated 34.5 million suffer hearing loss. Those are two enormous groups of people, and there appears to be a great deal of overlap between them.
The link between diabetes and hearing loss isn’t entirely clear. Although more research is needed to understand why so many diabetics suffer from hearing loss completely, some theories exist. Recent studies have shown that diabetics are more prone to suffer from hearing loss. This November, in light of American Diabetes Month, we would like to raise awareness around the links between diabetes and hearing loss.
Diabetes is a dangerous illness characterized by an abnormally high blood glucose level. It can occur if your body does not create enough insulin or if its product is ineffective. Alternatively, when your body is unable to manufacture any insulin at all.
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes are the two most common forms.
When you have type 1 diabetes, your body is unable to produce any insulin. It’s a little different if you have type 2 diabetes. Either your insulin isn’t working correctly, or you’re not producing enough of it. They’re not the same thing, but they’re both dangerous.
Other kinds of diabetes include gestational diabetes, which can develop during pregnancy in some women. With diabetes, glucose builds up in your blood, and higher levels of glucose in your blood can lead to a variety of issues.
Recent studies on the link between diabetes and hearing loss
In recent years, several researchers have looked into the link between diabetes and hearing loss. Diabetes patients were found to be more than twice as likely as individuals without the disease to suffer mild to moderate hearing loss in a study conducted by the National Institute of Health (NIH).
A separate study published in Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism looked at the outcomes of over 20,000 people and found that people with diabetes, regardless of age, were more likely to have hearing loss than those without the disease. There is also a 30 percent increased prevalence of hearing loss among the 88 million people in the United States who have pre-diabetes.
Diabetes and Hearing Loss
There are a few early suggestions for why there is a link between the two, although research is still underway.
Damage to the hearing nerves: Diabetic neuropathy is when the body’s blood sugar levels are too high, causing nerve damage (known as diabetic neuropathy). Diabetes, according to some studies, might also harm your hearing nerves.
Damage to blood vessels within the ear: Another theory is that high blood sugar levels can affect the microscopic blood vessels that support and feed the inner ear. This is comparable to how high blood sugar can damage our vision and kidney function. The systems that sustain the eyes and kidneys are similar to the blood veins that feed the ear, and hearing suffers due to the malfunction of this process.
Can I reduce the risk of hearing loss?
If you have diabetes, there are a few things you can do.
- Make an appointment for a hearing evaluation every year so that any changes in your hearing can be recognized and addressed early.
- When exposed to loud noises, use hearing protection.
- Work with your doctor to maintain a proactive approach to your health and diabetes management.
- Be mindful of the symptoms of hearing loss and balance issues, and seek help if you notice any of them.
Diabetes puts a person at risk for a variety of health problems, including hearing loss. While many factors can alter hearing about diabetes, we know that there is a clear link—but we don’t yet have all of the answers.
Because diabetes has a high risk of causing a chronic and progressive hearing issue, it is critical for persons with the disease to be checked routinely and earlier than the general population to detect and treat any hearing loss as soon as possible.
Hearing testing is sometimes forgotten at routine doctor appointments, but if you or a loved one is experiencing any difficulties, be sure to bring it up at your next appointment. Even better, contact us to set up an appointment!